The Chronicle of London

Rex Ricardus Secundus

1380 - 1381

Will Walworth, m' fysshmong'.

Walt' Cocket. Will Knyghtcote.

This yere was the rysing of the co'es of Essex and of Kent, for a talaye ordeyned that every man and woman betwen the age of lx and xvj yere shulde paye to the kyng xij d.; the which comones brended the chirche and the house of seynt Jones at Clerkenwelle, and attt the Tour hill they beheded maistre Simon Sudbury, then erchbysshop of Caunterbury and chaunceller of Engelond; and frere Robert Hales priour of seynt Jones hous, thanne tresorer of Engelond; and frere William Appulton, a grey frere, because he was phisicion to the duke of Lancastre, and Robert Leche sergeaunt of armes; and Richard Lyons was beheded at the standard in Chepe; and Richard Somere was beheded at the Milende; and Legat of Holbourn was beheded at Goterlane ende in Chepe; and manye questmongers, jorours, men of lawe, Flemynges, and other aliens as the comen to honde they were beheded in dicerses places. And thise said arrysers brenden the dukes place of Lancastre called Saveye, and wolde fayn an had the duke of Lancastre. but as grace was he myghte not be founden: and this was done on Corpus Cristi day, thanne beying on the xi day of Juyn ther yere of oure lord a mccclxxxi. And on the morwe after, that is to saye Fryday, and thanne on the Satirday after Corpus Cristi day, the kyng anon rood into Smythfield, and William Walworth thanne beynge maire of London, Sr Robert Knolles and also aldermen and othere citezeins of London with hym: and there they metten with Jake Strawe of the uprysers. And this Jake Strawe spak to the kyng heded as it hadde be to his felawe: and John Blyton that bar the maires swerd of London had hym don of his hode while he spak to the kyng; wherefore Jake Strawe wax an angered, and mynte to caste his daggere to Blyton. And thenne William Walworth , maire of London, drewe his baselard and smot Jake Strawe on the hed: and with that, Rauf Standyssh, that bar the kynges swerd, roof Jake Strawe thorugh the body with a swerd; and there he fyll doun ded. And anon his hede was smete of and sett on a pole. And there the kyng made knyghtes, that is to seye, William Walorth maire of London, Rauf Standyssh, Robert Launde, Nicholl Brembre, Nicholl Twyford, and John Philpot. And anoon they wenten into seynt Jones feld, and there they founden alle the arrysers. And anon they were besett aboughte with the peple of London, so that they might non of them escpae away: and thenne the kyng ded crye that no man shulde don them bodyly harme; and they were fayne to escape with there lyfves, and left there wepenys behynde them. Nevertheles afterward manye of them weren arrested, and be the lawe don to the deth in diverses schires of Engelond, some drawnen and hanged, and some hanged, and some beheded.




William Walworth, Mayor, fishmonger

Walter Cocket, William Knyghtcote

This year was the rising of the commons of Essex and of Kent, for a tally ordained that every man and woman between the age of sixty and sixteen years should pay the king twelve pence; the which commons burned the church and house of Saint Johns at Clekenwell and at the tower hill they beheaded master Simon Sudbury, then archbishop of Canterbury and chancellor of England; and brother robert Hales prior of Saint John's house, then treasurer of England, and brother William appulton, a grey friar, because he was phycician to the duke of Lancaster, and Robert Leche, sergeant at arms; and Richard Lyons was beheaded at the standard in Chepe; and Richard Somere was beheaded at the Milende, and Legat of Holbourn was beheaded at Goterlane ende in Chepe; and many questmongers, jurors, men of law, Flemings and other aliens as they came to hand, were beheaded in diverse places. And these said arrisers burned the dukes palace of Lancaster called Savoy, and were disierous to have had the duke of Lancaster. But as grace was he might not be found: and this was done on Corpus Christi day, then being the eleventh day of June the year of our lord 1381. and on the morrow after, that is to say Friday, and then on the Saturday after Corpus Christi day the king at once rode into Smythfield, and William Walworth then being mayor of London, Sir Robert Knolles and also the aldermen and other citizens of London with him: and there they met with Jake Strawe of the uprisers. And this Jake Strawe spoke to the king head as if it had been his fellow: and John Blyton that bore the mayor's sword to London had him take off his hood while he spoke to the king; werefore Jake Strawe waxed angry, and meant to cast his dagger to Blyton. And then William Walworth, mayor of London, drew his baselard and smote Jake Strawe on the head: and with that, Rauf Standish, that bore the king's sword, ran Jake Strawe; and there he fell down dead. And at once his head was cut off and set on a pole. And there the king made knights, that is to say, William Walworth, mayor of London, Rauf Standysh, Robert Launde, Nicholl Brembre, Nicholl Twyford, and John Philpot. And immidiately they went into Saint John's Field, where they found all the arrisers. And at once they were beset about with the people of London, so that they might not escape away: and then the king did cry that no man should do them bodily harm; and they were pleased to escape with their lives, and left their weapons behind them. Nevertheless afterward many of them were arrested, and by the law done to death in divers shires of England, some drawn and hanged, and some hanged, and some beheaded.



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